The Law is a set of rules that social or governmental institutions create and enforce to regulate behavior. Its precise definition is a matter of longstanding debate and the subject of many books. It provides a basis for scholarly inquiry in areas such as legal history, philosophy, economic analysis and sociology. It serves important and essential functions in society, including establishing standards, maintaining order, resolving conflicts and protecting liberties and rights.
For example, property law determines how to resolve disputes over ownership of things such as land and vehicles. Criminal law punishes people for committing crimes against the state or its citizens. It also defines what types of conduct are considered morally wrong and provides a framework for addressing them.
Other areas of the law include:
Immigration law and nationality law establish the rights of people to live in a country that is not their own, and to acquire or lose citizenship. Family law encompasses divorce proceedings, custody and alimony issues, and the right to property and money in the event of a separation. The law of torts and civil rights provide compensation for individuals who have been harmed by others.