Technology is the term used to describe tools and machines that help us solve real-world problems. It can be both physical, such as a crowbar or wooden spoon, or virtual, like computer software or business methods.
The word technology is often used interchangeably with science, but there are distinct differences between the two disciplines. Science is a set of theories and concepts, while technology is the application of those concepts to produce practical solutions.
Every technological design is constrained by a number of factors, including economics (only so much money can be spent on this project), politics and social concerns, ecological concerns, and ethical considerations (disadvantages to some people or risk to future generations). Achieving an optimum design involves finding a reasonable compromise among these constraints.
Modern technologies have revolutionized many aspects of our lives, making it possible for us to do things that were never before possible. However, some of these technologies have also created new problems that we must face. For example, there have been reports of people becoming addicted to their smartphones and other gadgets.
The technology industry is a massive market that encompasses everything from start-up companies to giant multinational conglomerates. These companies compete to produce the latest gadgets, software, and services. Many of these new technologies are based on existing technology, but they include significant improvements and modifications. This is called incremental technology. Examples of this include upgrading the versions of operating systems, releasing security updates, or adding new features to existing products.