News is information that has occurred and is of interest to people. It can be published in newspapers, radio, TV or online. Some news is current and some is historical. It is important to understand the role of bias in News as well as identifying and acknowledging your own bias. There are many websites that offer help with this including ones that evaluate news sources based on their record of providing accurate, documented, verifiable information free from confirmation bias.
A good news article will begin with a summary of the most important facts. This is known as the inverted pyramid format. The most important information is placed in the first paragraph and then more detail is added in subsequent paragraphs. It is a way to allow readers to understand what happened quickly.
It is also important to identify your audience in a news article. This will help you determine what kind of information to include and the tone of the article. Asking questions such as who will read this, where are they from, what are their interests and concerns and why would they be interested in the subject matter will assist in formulating a news story.
In a society where cows and pigs are equal in importance it may be of little interest that one pig bites another but, in a society where only cattle are eaten, this will be newsworthy. It is this sense of what is interesting and significant that makes news.