Financial services are the processes that help people to save, invest, and transfer funds. They also ensure that companies have the money to produce and sell their products. It is essential for the development of the economy.
The main purpose of financial services is to promote domestic trade and foreign trade. They are regulated by the government. These services include banking, insurance, tax filing services, and currency exchange.
The financial sector provides opportunities for all kinds of people. Those interested in insurance can work for companies that minimize the risks involved in making investments. They also work to provide a safety net for people.
In addition to lending, financial institutions also underwrite debt for the private and public sectors. They also advise on mergers and acquisitions. The market for finance is competitive. This creates an opportunity for producers to increase production and expand activities.
Some of the largest companies in the United States are Wells Fargo and Berkshire Hathaway. These companies are multinational conglomerates, and their stock is some of the most expensive in the world.
The financial services industry has undergone a lot of change in the last ten years. It has shifted away from big, one-stop shops to a more diverse array of firms competing at different points in the value chain.
A recent trend is the growth of digital distribution platforms. These systems allow customers to buy financial services through a separate platform from the product providers. This reshapes the way financial services are delivered.