Law is a very important subject, and its effects can be felt in every area of our lives. It regulates the rights of citizens, and can affect economics, history, and politics. It also serves as a mediator between people. There are many different branches of law, including civil law, criminal law, and constitutional law. These branches also encompass many areas of life, such as immigration and consumer rights. To learn more, visit the government and court websites.
Law is a set of rules that govern social, corporate, and individual institutions. It is sometimes referred to as a science or the art of justice. Generally, a state enacts laws through legislation. These laws can be made by a single or group of legislators, or by an executive through decrees. In common law jurisdictions, laws are also made by judges. Private parties may also create legally binding contracts and arbitration agreements.
Legal systems differ in how they interpret the law. In common law systems, the decisions of the executive and courts constitute “law”. Both common and civil laws use the doctrine of precedent, which means that decisions by one court bind the other. In civil law systems, judicial decisions are based on legislative statutes and case law, and are usually shorter and less detailed than those of the common law system.
As with any profession, the practice of law is regulated by both governments and independent bodies. To practice law, a person must pass a qualification exam and have special training. Typically, this involves a Bachelor of Laws, Bachelor of Civil Law, or Juris Doctor degree. Some people also pursue higher academic degrees, such as a Master of Legal Studies or Bar Professional Training Course.