The Basics of Law


Law is the system of rules that a society or government develops to deal with crime, business agreements and social relationships. The term also refers to the people who work in this system.


A law is an indisputable fact about how the world works. It tells us why things happen, but does not explain how.


Legal justification is the process of explaining a right as valid and worth defending. Typically, the justification involves a legal norm grounding–that is, a legal norm that makes a particular right legally valid.

Recognition and Vesting Rights

A legal right is regularly recognized even when it is unclear or underdetermined what duties give that right effect (MacCormick 1982: 162). At other times, the duty correlating to a right is conditioned on certain states of affairs so that it vests only once the factual condition is met.


Judiciary officials who decide lawsuits are called justices. They include judges, court clerks and librarians.

Jurisdiction – The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Federal courts generally have jurisdiction over cases involving the interpretation and application of laws passed by Congress and treaties signed by a president.

Circumstantial Evidence

In a trial, lawyers must present evidence to persuade the judge or jury to decide for one side or the other. Evidence may include documents and physical objects. It usually includes witnesses and their testimony. In addition, circumstantial evidence includes facts that are not direct evidence but are useful in determining the outcome of the case.

Posted in: Gambling